What is HTML?
HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages.
- HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language.
- Hypertext is more than simple text. Hypertext can works as a link.
- A markup language is a computer language that uses tags to define elements within a document.
History of HTML:
- HTML was initially created by Berners-Lee in late 1991
- “HTML 2.0” was the first standard HTML specification which was published in 1995.
- In late 1999, HTML 4.01 version was published and it was widely used over the web.
- Currently we are having HTML-5 version which was published in 2012.
How HTML works:
HTML consists of collection of markup tags into a text file. When we save this text file with html extension (like sample.html), it becomes html file. This html file can be viewed through a browser (like firefox/chrome).
The web browser simply read file and translates the tags into visible elements. Every tag has a meaning and it tells the browser to do something.
For an example, any website is simply a collection of web pages and a webpage is made up of HTML tags. You can create your own website if you have basic knowledge of HTML.